Written by Kasia Pająk

A new publication on the European Skills Index developed by Cedefop was published to provide a better understanding of national policies in the area of shaping skills.

European Skills Index - general ranking


Source: CEDEFOP (2018)


The European Skills Index is a tool to help monitor and compare activities conducted to shape the skills of European Union countries. It was based on various indicators in three areas:

  • Skills development – activities in the area of education and training in different countries and results in developing and acquiring skills. Indicators in this area include, for example, the achievements of fifteen-year-olds in reading, mathematics and science (based on PISA results).
  • Skills activation – indicators that show the transition from education to employment, including the labour market activity of various groups, e.g. activity in the labour market of persons aged 20–24 years or the rate of employed graduates.
  • Skills matching – the degree of the successful use of skills, that is, the extent to which skills are effectively matched to the needs of the labour market. One of the indicators is long-term unemployment.

The publication describes the results of EU countries in these areas. It provides the opportunity to compare the development of different skills shaping systems. Based on 2016 data, Poland is in eighth place in the overall ranking. In the skills development area, Poland scored 52 points, in the activation category – 63 points, and in the skills matching category – 71 points.


Structure of the European Skills Index


Source: CEDEFOP (2018)

The Report is available at the Cedefop website.

Cedefop’s briefing note about the ESI.